Types of Cybercrimes and Fraud and Preventive Measures

cyber crimeThe internet has made the world to be a global village. The increasing access to and the continuous use of technology has greatly impacted how we communicate and conduct our daily activities. The internet connects people and computers to the outside world, and this has led to the emergence of Cybercrime. Criminals are becoming more sophisticated, and no one is safe – from individuals, public and private organizations. Additional layers of defense are needed to keep ourselves safe from the dark world.

Cybercrime is a serious crime involving computers and digital devices in which your device can be a target of a crime, a tool of crime or contain evidence of the crime. There are many types of cybercrime-related acts. To protect ourselves from attack, we need to understand all these threats.

1. Identity Theft

Identify theft and fraud is one of the most common types of cyber crimes. Identity theft is used to explain when a person purports to be some other person, with the aim of creating a fraud for financial gains. When such crime happens, we call it online identity theft. This is the most used way to steal information online and is the leading data breach affecting government and federal websites.

To protect from identity theft, ensure that your computer and devices are kept current with the latest patches and updates. Block any basic and automated attacks completely by the use of firewalls and antivirus.

2. Ransomware

hackedRansomware is one of the most lethal malware-based attacks. It enters your network to encrypt your files with a public key encryption. Unlike the other types of attacks, this encryption key remains on the hacker’s server. The attacked users are then asked to pay huge sums of money to receive the private key and have their data back.

To fight ransomware, you need to have anti-malware installed in your system. Pay attention to soliciting emails that may come your way. Never click suspicious links and attachments in emails. Stay safe

3. Denial of Service Attack

Denial of service attack occurs when online services are brought down and made unavailable for a certain period until the attacker’s demands are met. DoS occurs through directing a site with overwhelming traffic from multiple location and sources. Botnets – large networks of infected computers are developed and attack the victim’s computer. Hackers attack your computer with the sole aim of extortion and blackmail.

To stay, protect your computer with security software. Essential security software includes firewall and antivirus programs. Firewall is usually your first line of defence when it comes to controlling who can communicate with your computer online.

4. Spam and Phishing

Spam and phishing are two common types of cybercrimes. There is no much one can do to prevent the two. Spam is typically unwanted emails and messages that flock your inbox. Phishing is an act where cyber criminals use bait to lure you to give them the information they need.

You need to exercise caution to stay safe. Keep an eye out of phony email messages. Do not respond to messages sent to your email that asks for personal information. Steer clear of fraudulent websites that may be used to steal personal information.

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Common Causes of Crime and Criminal Behavior

Crime Detention Arrest Police HandcuffsThe prediction and prevention of an offense is based on knowledge of its causes. Over the last few decades, limitless efforts in both theory and research have contributed to elucidating the possible causes and pattern of crime. To best rehabilitate offenders, we need to study their criminal mind and understand how likely they are offended.

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How to Fight Crime with Education

educationAn alarming number of young children aged between 10 and 17 years get arrested for violence in the world, and more so in the United States. Law enforcers are pushing for tougher legislation in an attempt to contain these kids in jail. Is this the right way to address violence and law breakage among the youth? Well, let us look at the role played by education in fighting off crime and lawlessness.

The question lies; is it possible to reduce the crime rate by raising the education levels of potential criminals? If yes, would it be cost effective with respect o other crime prevention measures? Estimating the effect of education on crime may shed some light on the magnitude education plays in the elimination of social rot.

The Value of Mandatory Education

In theory, there are many reasons to relate how raising the levels of education can contribute to a reduction in crime. First, education increases wages, to face-lift those educated away from poverty. Secondly, according to Lochner and Moretti (2004), young people may learn to be patient with life through schooling, due to the hope and promise of good life education brings – through potential future earning.

Time spent in school could also be significant among the youth, regarding limiting the time spend for participating in criminal activity. Research has found out that time spend in school and at work during a year is negatively correlated to the probability of getting arrested for a crime, in a particular year.

EducationEducation may directly influence the psychological or financial rewards from the offense itself. Schooling may alter other preferences in indirect ways, which may affect decision ti engage in criminal acts. Education could increase one’s patience or risk aversion.

It makes a lot of sense to reconnect young criminals to schools as quickly as possible. Juvenile offenders need to be exposed to programs that can impact positive attitude on their negative life. It is quite necessary to establish more schools separate centers for those young offenders who get released from prison and might be lagging behind academically, or those who might be experiencing difficulties being accepted back in the society.

It calls for the community and related institutions to initiate and promote educations programs that are geared towards ensuring our children get the basic education. Promises of the good life that come with education are many, and our youth shall work hard to commit to education with the goal of getting such rewards at a later time.

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How to Deal with Abductions and Kidnapping

AbductedThe history of kidnapping and hostage-taking is deeply rooted. It is only recently that there has been systematic attempts to understand the effects – both long and short-term on individuals affected and their families. Kidnapping is rampant in many parts of the world, and it is a thriving business in many countries.

Kidnapping is a terrifying experience. However, you possess more personal resources than you might be aware of, to cope with the situation. Remember, you are only of value to the kidnappers when you are alive. It is therefore within their efforts to keep you alive as long as possible, while they advance their pursuit of money from your relatives.

The typical hostage responses of fear, withdrawal and denial are all experienced at different degrees. You might be handled roughly, blindfolded, drugged or even stuffed in the trunk of a car. Whatever the case, cooperate as resisting makes your chances of survival to be slim.

How to Survive as a Hostage

Abductions happen so fast, and the terrorists are nervous and unsure of the next move, highly aggressive and mostly irrational. They subject you in a traumatic psychological moment. Violence could define your stay if you remain passive, while resistance could result in death.

If you are taken hostage, the best defense is passive cooperation. Yes, you might be terrified, but remember to maintain your cool. Organize your thoughts quickly and avoid breakdowns due to panic. Being rational increases your chances of survival. The more time that lapses, the more chances of being released alive.

hostageWhile under hostage situation, try to establish some understanding and rapport with the captors. Avoid taking stands and listen to their point of view. Listen and observe keenly and do not be quick to engage unless you are required to do the same. Build some relations with fellow captives and with the terrorists. Prepare your mind for a lengthy stay. Be prepared to survive even under inhumane conditions.

Captors may attempt to confuse your sense of time by confiscating your phone and watch and subjecting you to gruesome hygiene standards and inhumane diet. Take note of the characteristics and traits of the captors, their surroundings, contacts, speech and other attributes and keep calm.

The information you learn from their habits and surroundings could help in big time in case you get an opportunity to contact the outside world or when you get a chance to escape. Avoid any forms of resistance or trying to escape as they may be too costly your life.

Thank you to our sponsor at Abingdon Tow Truck in helping us in the fight against crime

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Tips to Prevent Your Child From Abduction and Kidnapping

kidnapWherever the evening comes with the sad news of a kidnapped child, the terrifying realities of abduction strikes every parents’ heart. One of the challenges associated with being a parent is teaching your kids to be careful without filling them with unnecessary fear and anxiety.

Danger can lurk everywhere, and anywhere a child may go. Parents overlook the daily dangers associated with keeping your child in isolation. However you may train yourself to be aware of them, and take the appropriate steps to protecting your child at all times. Do not shy away providing your children with the necessary and accurate information on the potential real-time situations which may come their way.

Here are few tips to protecting your child against abduction

– Know the whereabouts of your child at all times. This is particularly useful for the ease of their trace-ability and also for knowing in they are at safe environs.

– At the early age, teach your kid their name, basic address, telephone numbers and the first and last names of their parents or relatives

– Teach them how to call 9-1-1 for help. However, when teaching them about calling 9-1-1, ensure that the call doesn’t go through. Ensure that your child knows how to make local and long distance calls.

kidnapped– Never leave your child in the vehicle by their own. Establish strict and well-laid procedures of picking up children from school, at their friend’s home and from movies.

– You may establish a family code that only you, your child and a trusted relative or friend know. Teach your kid to ask for the code word whenever they are approached by someone purporting to offer them a ride.

– Remind your children not to fall prey to free rides from someone they do not know. Talk to them about what is involved in the abduction, in a simple and non-threatening manner.

– Carefully listen to your child when they talk about someone who visited them or spoke to them when you were not around.

– Ensure that you have photos of your child, more so, the most recent ones. Have your child fingerprinted and have them stored in a safe and convenient place.

Kids are mostly attracted to simple surfing and instant messaging, and this may be a source of both joy and sorrow. Chatting with strangers may expose the mind of your child to a lot of evils, including bad habits, peer influences among others. Take interest on online sites that your child visits and what they do on those sites.

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